The sounds of

Defaka and Nkoroo

Consonants

Revised consonant charts with clickable examples will appear here shortly; please check back soon.

Defaka

Manner of
Articulation
Place of Articulation
Labial Alveolar Palatal Velar Glottal
Stop p   b
k͡p ɡ͡b
     ɓ
t   d   k   ɡ (ʔ)
Fricative f  v s  ~  (ʃ)   
(z) ~ (ʒ) ~ d͡ʒ
(x~ɣ)  
Nasal m
(ŋ͡m)
(w̃)
n ɲ

(j̃)
(ŋ)  
Non-nasal
Sonorant
w l
r
j    

Nkoroo

Manner of
Articulation
Place of Articulation
Labial Alveolar Palatal Velar Glottal
Stop
or
Affricate
p   b
k͡p ɡ͡b
     ɓ
t   d    d͡ʒ k   ɡ ʔ
Fricative f   v s    z ʃ     (x~ɣ)  
Nasal m
(ŋ͡m)
(w̃)
n ɲ

(j̃)
(ŋ)  
Non-nasal
Sonorant
w l
r
j    

Vowels

The vowel chart will be available soon.

Examples

A full list of examples of the sounds above will appear here soon, along with audio files and other documentary materials. Please check back again later.